文章摘要
覆盆子的基原植物考证
Research on original plants of Rubi fructus
投稿时间:2021-02-03  修订日期:2021-04-28
DOI:
中文关键词: 覆盆子;基原考证;悬钩子属;蓬蘽;插田泡  掌叶覆盆子;功效;单一品种  
英文关键词: Rubi fructus  Original plants research  Rubus  Rubus hirsutus  Rubus coreanus Miq.  Rubus chingii Hu.  Efficacy  Single variety  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81803794);浙江中医药大学“5151远志人才工程”经费(112123A12201/001/004/019)
作者单位邮编
柯创 浙江中医药大学 310053
张婷婷 浙江中医药大学 
刘考铧 浙江中医药大学 
王思琦 浙江中医药大学 
秦路平 浙江中医药大学 
吴建军 浙江中医药大学 311402
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中文摘要:
      [目的]本文旨在对本草中记载的覆盆子基原进行本草考证,分析其具体基原植物,理清溯源。[方法]系统查阅东汉时期至建国后的本草文献,根据各本草的文字记载和附图,结合现代植物学特征、产地等分析,推测历代古籍对应的实际覆盆子品种。[结果]历代本草中覆盆子的基原植物复杂且混乱,有茅莓Rubus parvifolius L.、树莓Rubus corchorifolius L. f、复盆子Rubus idaeus L.、插田泡Rubus coreanus Miq.、灰毛果莓Rubus foliolosus D.Don等品种。尽管数量较多,但其基原一直都局限为蔷薇科悬钩子属植物。掌叶覆盆子Rubus chingii Hu.作为现今《中国药典》中覆盆子的唯一基原植物,历代本草缺乏其记载,直到建国后《中药志》才首次将其作为覆盆子的基原植物,历代《中国药典》也沿用此观点至今。[结论]对覆盆子古今应用的认识,务必要分析其具体基原植物,不能将覆盆子本草记载的功效和主治均归结于掌叶覆盆子Rubus chingii Hu.。
英文摘要:
      [Objective]To make a textual research on the original plant of Rubi fructus and to provide new references for modern application of Rubi fructus. [Method]On the basis of review and study on the ancient literatures of Rubi fructus, combining its modern botanical characters, the textural research the original plants of Rubi fructus in the ancient literatures were applied to.[Results] The original plants of Rubi fructus in the ancient literatures of materia medica are complicated and chaotic, including many species, such as Rubus parvifolius L., Rubus idaeus L., Rubus coreanus Miq. etc. In spite of a large number, its origin has always been limited to the rubus of rosaceae. As the only original plant of Rubi fructus in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Rubus chingii Hu. is not recorded specially in the ancient literatures of materia medica. Until after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Rubus chingii Hu. was first regarded as the original plant of Rubi fructus in the New Chinese Medicine Chi.[Conclusion] In order to understand the ancient and modern application of Rubus chingii Hu., it is necessary to analyze its specific original plant and consider the development and application of various traditional application varieties as the substitute varieties of Rubus chingii Hu.
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