文章摘要
顾秋金,俞冰,张水利.《履巉岩本草》蜜蜂草的本草考证[J].浙江中医药大学学报,2024,48(3):273-281.
《履巉岩本草》蜜蜂草的本草考证
Herbal Research on the Honeybee Grass in Lvchanyan Bencao
DOI:10.16466/j.issn1005-5509.2024.03.004
中文关键词: 履巉岩本草  蜜蜂草  小野芝麻  地绵绵  本草考证  浙派本草
英文关键词: Lvchanyan Bencao  the Honeybee Grass  Galeobdolon chinense(Benth.) C.Y. Wu  Dimianmian  herbal research  Zhejiang school of materia medica
基金项目:浙江省中药资源普查试点项目(浙中医药﹝2014﹞13号);浙江省中药资源普查项目(17-21201-21210);全国中药资源普查项目(国中医药办科技函﹝2018﹞132号);浙江省中医药科技计划中医药现代化专项项目(2020ZX002);2023年浙江文化研究工程第二批立项课题重大项目(23WH27ZD);中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302)
作者单位
顾秋金 浙江中医药大学药学院 杭州 310053 
俞冰 浙江中医药大学药学院 杭州 310053 
张水利 浙江中医药大学药学院 杭州 310053 
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中文摘要:
      [目的] 考证《履巉岩本草》所载药物蜜蜂草的植物基原,挖掘其药用价值,并探讨《履巉岩本草》的价值。[方法] 通过查阅古今本草文献、植物资源志要及实地考察等,从植物的形态特征、产地分布、性味功效以及药名考释等方面对蜜蜂草进行综合考证,并探讨蜜蜂草及《履巉岩本草》的价值。[结果] 通过本草文献与植物学形态之对比,发现《履巉岩本草》蜜蜂草与今唇形科植物小野芝麻[Galeobdolon chinense(Benth.) C.Y. Wu]特征相符;实地考察发现小野芝麻在低海拔的路旁及疏林下广泛分布,符合《履巉岩本草》取材范围的生境;小野芝麻与蜜蜂草性味功效相近,主治用法相通;小野芝麻为草本植物,花叶具蜜香且全株密被柔毛,与蜜蜂体被绒毛相似,恰合“蜜蜂草”一名。[结论] 小野芝麻的药用历史可追溯至1220年南宋时期的《履巉岩本草》之蜜蜂草,是治疗毒疮、外伤出血、肺结核等疾病的良药。《履巉岩本草》全书彩色药图精美生动,对该书的研究,既是为重续药史守正创新,更是对中医药文化精华的传承。
英文摘要:
      [Objective] To study the plant origin of the Honeybee Grass, contained in Lvchanyan Bencao, explore its medicinal value and discuss the value of Lvchanyan Bencao. [Methods] Through consulting ancient and modern materia medica literature, plant resources and field investigation, it studied the morphological characteristics of plants, distribution of origin, nature and flavor, effects and the interpretation of medicinal names and discussed the value of the Honeybee Grass and Lvchanyan Bencao. [Results] Through the comparison of the literature on materia medica and botanical morphology, it was found that the characteristics of the Honeybee Grass in Lvchanyan Bencao were consistent with Galeobdolon chinense (Benth.) C.Y Wu(G. chinense). Field investigation found that G. chinense was widely distributed on the roadside and under the sparse forest at low altitude, which was in line with the sampling range of Lvchanyan Bencao. G. chinense and the Honeybee Grass have similar effect in nature, flavor, and usages. G. chinense is an herb, the flowers and leaves have honey fragrance and the whole plant is densely soft hair, while the bee body is fuzzy, just fitting the name of “the Honeybee Grass”. [Conclusion] The medicinal record of G. chinense can be traced back to the Song Dynasty in 1220, its medical name is the Honeybee Grass, and it can treat diseases such as traumatic bleeding and tuberculosis. The colorful pictures in Lvchanyan Bencao are exquisite and vivid. And the research on Lvchanyan Bencao is not only to maintain the correct innovation for the renewal of the history of medicine, but also to inherit the cultural essence of traditional Chinese medicine.
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