文章摘要
佩戴口罩与鼻部高反应症状关系的研究
Study on the relationship between wearing mask andnasal hyperresponsiveness
投稿时间:2020-10-25  修订日期:2021-04-07
DOI:
中文关键词: 新冠肺炎病毒,口罩,鼻部高反应症状,杭州,公交车司机,医护人员
英文关键词: COVID-2019,Mask, Nasal hyperresponsiveness, Hangzhou,Bus driver,Medical staff
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
魏利飞 浙江中医药大学附属第二医院 310005
魏冰冰 杭州对点人力资源公司 
摘要点击次数: 69
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      目的 通过调查分析疫情前后杭州公交车司机及医护人员两个自2020年2月以来规律戴口罩的群体在各时间阶段的鼻部高反应症状情况,研究配戴口罩与鼻部高反应症状的相关性。方法 随机抽取杭州公交车司机及医护人员各100名,利用问卷调查收集被调查者基本信息并填写鼻部高反应症状评分表,分析配戴口罩与鼻部高反应症状的相关性。结果 1.杭州公交车司机在疫情后日配戴口罩时间>6h。司机的鼻部高反应症状评分在规律佩戴口罩满 1个月、满3个月时较疫情前评分明显升高,前后评分有统计学意义(p<0.01);司机的鼻部高反应症状评分在规律佩戴口罩6个月时较疫情前评分无明显统计学意义(p>0.01)。2. 医护人员疫情前日配戴口罩时间均值4.2h,疫情后日配戴口罩时间>6h,日配戴口罩时间较疫情前明显增加。医护人员的鼻部高反应症状评分在规律佩戴口罩1个月时较疫情前评分明显升高,两组之间的差异有统计学意义(p<0.01);医护人员的鼻部高反应症状评分在规律佩戴口罩3个月,6个月时较疫情前评分无明显统计学意义(p>0.01)。3.将杭州公交车司机与医护人员各阶段鼻部高反应症状评分行比较,结果示在规律配戴口罩3个月时杭州公交车司机的鼻部症状评分高于医护人员,有统计学意义(p<0.01)。而其他时期(规律佩戴口罩前,1个月时,6个月时)两组人群无明显统计学意义(p>0.01)。4. 杭州公交车司机和杭州医护人员变应性鼻炎发病率9.6%和10.1%。结论 配戴口罩短时期内会引发鼻部高反应症状的增加,随着规律佩戴口罩时间的延长鼻部高反应症状逐渐恢复至疫情前水平。日佩戴口罩时间增加短时期内也会引起鼻部高反应症状的增加。医护人员鼻部高反应症状较杭州公交车司机更快恢复至疫情前水平。关键词:新冠肺炎病毒,口罩,鼻部高反应症状,杭州
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate and analyze the nasal hyperresponsiveness symptoms of Hangzhou bus drivers and medical staff who have been wearing masks for a long time since February 2020, and to study the correlation between wearing masks and nasal hyperresponsiveness symptoms. Methods 100 bus drivers and 100 medical staff were randomly selected from Hangzhou. The basic information of the respondents was collected by questionnaire survey, and the nasal hyperresponsiveness symptom scale was filled in to analyze the correlation between wearing masks and nasal hyperresponsiveness symptoms. Results 1. Hangzhou bus drivers wore masks for more than 6 hours on the day after the outbreak. The scores of nasal high reaction symptoms of drivers who wore masks regularly for 1 month and 3 months were significantly higher than those before the epidemic, and the scores before and after the epidemic were statistically significant (P < 0.01); the scores of nasal high reaction symptoms of drivers who wore masks regularly for 6 months were not significantly higher than those before the epidemic (P > 0.01). 2. The average time of wearing masks was 4.2 h in the day before the epidemic, and more than 6 h in the day after the epidemic. The score of nasal high reaction symptoms of medical staff was significantly higher than that before the epidemic situation when they wore masks regularly for 1 month, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.01); the scores of nasal high reaction symptoms of medical staff in regular wearing masks for 3 months and 6 months were not statistically significant (P > 0.01). 3. The results showed that the scores of nasal symptoms of Hangzhou bus drivers were higher than that of medical staff when wearing masks regularly for 3 months (P < 0.01). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in other periods (before the outbreak, 1 month, 6 months) (P > 0.01). 4. the incidence rate of allergic rhinitis in Hangzhou bus drivers and Hangzhou medical staff was 9.6% and 10.1% respectively. Conclusion wearing masks in a short period of time will lead to the increase of nasal hyperresponsiveness symptoms. With the prolongation of wearing masks, the symptoms of nasal hyperresponsiveness gradually return to the pre epidemic level. The increase of daily wearing time of mask will also cause the increase of nasal hyperresponsiveness symptoms in a short period of time. The nasal hyperresponsiveness symptoms of medical staff recovered to the pre epidemic level faster than that of Hangzhou bus drivers. Keywords: 2019-nCOV, Mask, Nasal hyperresponsiveness, Hangzhou
View Fulltext   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭