文章摘要
李忠诚,张玲梅,罗鹏基,等.中医专业学生睡眠质量与焦虑情况及中医养生思想干预研究[J].浙江中医药大学学报,2019,43(7):686-689.
中医专业学生睡眠质量与焦虑情况及中医养生思想干预研究
Investigation on Sleep Quality and Anxiety of Undergraduates Majoring in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine Health Preservation
DOI:10.16466/j.issn1005-5509.2019.07.015
中文关键词: 中医睡眠养生  中医情志养生  睡眠质量  焦虑情绪  中医专业学生
英文关键词: TCM health preservation of sleep  TCM health preservation of emotion  sleep quality  anxiety  undergraduates majoring in TCM
基金项目:
作者单位
李忠诚 广州中医药大学 广州 510405 
张玲梅 广州中医药大学 广州 510405 
罗鹏基 广州中医药大学 广州 510405 
屈志勤 广州中医药大学 广州 510405 
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中文摘要:
      [目的]调查广州中医药大学中医专业学生的睡眠质量和焦虑情绪发生情况,评估中医养生思想改善睡眠质量、缓解焦虑情绪的效果。[方法]以匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(Pittsburgh sleep quality index,PSQI)量表、焦虑自评量表(self-rating anxiety scale, SAS)以及自制中医养生思想影响因素调查表对广州中医药大学951名在校本科学生进行随机分层整群抽样调查,采用SPSS 17.0统计软件进行统计分析。[结果]19.35%的学生睡眠质量差,焦虑情绪发生率达18.30%;SAS总分与PSQI总分呈正相关(r=0.438,P<0.01);对睡眠质量、焦虑情绪起改善作用的因素分别为遵循睡眠养生(P<0.01)与遵循情志养生(P<0.05)。[结论]中医专业大学生睡眠质量较差,焦虑情绪发生率较高,应充分利用中医养生思想,以促进身心健康。
英文摘要:
      [Objective] To investigate sleep quality and anxiety occurrence among undergraduates majoring in TCM in Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, and evaluate the effect of TCM health preservation thought in improving sleep quality and relieving anxiety.[Methods] Using stratified cluster random sampling method, nine hundred and fifty-one undergraduates were randomly selected in Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, and a questionnaire survey with Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and TCM health thoughts influencing factors scale was conducted, and data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 software. [Results] Approximately 19.35% of participants reported having poor sleep quality, and 18.30% of them having anxiety state. The total score of SAS was highly positively correlated with the total score of PSQI(r=0.438, P<0.01). The factors that improve the quality of sleep and anxiety were following the health preservation of sleep(P<0.01) and following the health preservation of emotion(P<0.05). [Conclusion] Undergraduates majoring in TCM have a high incidence of poor sleep quality and anxiety. Physical and mental health should be promoted by making full use of the TCM health preservation thought.
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